This week we put out the first release of Fedora 28 Atomic Host. Some quick notes:

  • For Fedora 28 we are using a unified repo that will serve up the Fedora 28 Atomic Host and Atomic Workstation content. This includes all the content for the multi-arch platforms aarch64 and ppcle64.

For today we’ll talk about updating an existing Fedora 27 Atomic Host system to Fedora 28. We’ll cover preparing the system for upgrade and performing the upgrade.

NOTE: If you really don’t want to upgrade to Fedora 28 see the later section: Appendix B: Fedora 27 Atomic Host Life Support.

Preparing for Upgrade

Before we update to Fedora 28 Atomic Host we should check to see that we have at least a few GiB of free space in our root filesystem. The update to Fedora 28 can cause your system to retrieve more than 1 GiB of new content (not shared with Fedora 27) and thus we’ll need to make sure we have plenty of free space.

NOTE: Luckily if you skip this step OSTree will perform filesystem checks to make sure that upgrade will error gracefully before filling up the filesystem.

In previous releases of Fedora Atomic Host, the storage profile that was used created two logical volumes (LV) by default. One LV was used for containers and container images, the other LV was used by the root filesystem. The LV for the root filesystem was fairly small and thus, users could run out of space in that LV when doing an upgrade.

Starting in Fedora 27, the storage profile was switched to a single LV that was shared between the root filesystem and container storage. This alleviates some of the storage problems that could occur during upgrades. If you find that your host requires more disk space to perform the upgrade, you will need to increase the amount of storage available to the volume group and grow the root filesystem LV.


Now we should be ready for the upgrade. If you are hosting any services on your instance you may want to prepare for them to have some downtime.

NOTE: If you are running Kubernetes you should check out the later section on Kubernetes: Appendix A: Upgrading Systems with Kubernetes.

NOTE: If you are running OpenShift Origin (i.e. via being set up by the openshift-ansible installer) the upgrade should not need any preparation.

Currently we are on Fedora 27 Atomic Host using the fedora/27/x86_64/atomic-host ref.

[vagrant@fedora27ah-dev ~]$ rpm-ostree status
State: idle; auto updates disabled
● ostree://fedora-atomic:fedora/27/x86_64/atomic-host
                   Version: 27.122 (2018-04-18 23:34:24)
                    Commit: 931ebb3941fc49af706ac5a90ad3b5a493be4ae35e85721dabbfd966b1ecbf99
              GPGSignature: Valid signature by 860E19B0AFA800A1751881A6F55E7430F5282EE4

In order to do the upgrade we need to add the location of the Fedora 28 repository as a new remote (similar to a git remote) for ostree to know about:

[vagrant@localhost ~]$ sudo ostree remote add --set=gpgkeypath=/etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-fedora-28-primary fedora-atomic-28

You can see from the command that we are adding a new remote known as fedora-atomic-28 with a remote url of We are also setting the gpgkeypath variable in the configuration for the remote. This tells OSTree that we want commit signatures to be verified when we download from a remote.

Now that we have our fedora-atomic-28 remote we can do the upgrade!

$ sudo rpm-ostree rebase fedora-atomic-28:fedora/28/x86_64/atomic-host

24 delta parts, 10 loose fetched; 277589 KiB transferred in 136 seconds
Copying /etc changes: 21 modified, 0 removed, 59 added
Transaction complete; bootconfig swap: yes deployment count change: 1
  GeoIP 1.6.11-3.fc27 -> 1.6.12-3.fc28
  GeoIP-GeoLite-data 2018.04-1.fc27 -> 2018.04-1.fc28
  NetworkManager 1:1.8.6-1.fc27 -> 1:1.10.6-1.fc28
  NetworkManager-libnm 1:1.8.6-1.fc27 -> 1:1.10.6-1.fc28
  NetworkManager-team 1:1.8.6-1.fc27 -> 1:1.10.6-1.fc28
  acl 2.2.52-18.fc27 -> 2.2.52-20.fc28
  atomic 1.22.1-1.fc27 -> 1.22.1-2.fc28
  atomic-devmode 0.3.7-2.fc27 -> 0.3.7-4.fc28
  atomic-registries 1.22.1-1.fc27 -> 1.22.1-2.fc28
  attr 2.4.47-21.fc27 -> 2.4.47-23.fc28
Run "systemctl reboot" to start a reboot
[vagrant@fedora27ah-dev ~]$ sudo systemctl reboot
[vagrant@fedora27ah-dev ~]$ Connection to closed by remote host.
Connection to closed.

After reboot we can log in and see the status:

$ vagrant ssh
Last login: Tue May  1 15:20:44 2018 from
[vagrant@fedora27ah-dev ~]$ rpm-ostree status
State: idle; auto updates disabled
● ostree://fedora-atomic-28:fedora/28/x86_64/atomic-host
                   Version: 28.20180425.0 (2018-04-25 19:14:57)
                    Commit: 94a9d06eef34aa6774c056356d3d2e024e57a0013b6f8048dbae392a84a137ca
              GPGSignature: Valid signature by 128CF232A9371991C8A65695E08E7E629DB62FB1

                   Version: 27.122 (2018-04-18 23:34:24)
                    Commit: 931ebb3941fc49af706ac5a90ad3b5a493be4ae35e85721dabbfd966b1ecbf99
              GPGSignature: Valid signature by 860E19B0AFA800A1751881A6F55E7430F5282EE4
[vagrant@fedora27ah-dev ~]$ cat /etc/os-release | head -n 2
VERSION="28 (Atomic Host)"

We are now on Fedora 28 Atomic Host. Now is a good time to check your services (most likely running in containers) to see if they are still working. If not, then you always have the rollback command: sudo rpm-ostree rollback.

NOTE: Over time you can see updated commands for upgrading Atomic Host between releases by visiting this wiki page.

Appendix A: Upgrading Systems with Kubernetes

In Fedora 27 Atomic Host we have removed Kubernetes from the OSTree that we ship with the host. This enables users to only download/install kubernetes if they want to and also gives the users that are using kubernetes the flexibility to use whatever version they may want.

You can still install Kubernetes via package layering, or you can use system containers to run kubernetes fully containerized. Please check out Jason Brooks’ series (links coming soon) on this topic.

Appendix B: Fedora 27 Atomic Host Life Support

As with Fedora 26 we will keep updating the Fedora 27 Atomic Host tree but we won’t be performing regular testing on that tree and there will be no more formal releases for Fedora 27. Please move to Fedora 28 to take advantage of regular testing and formal releases every two weeks.


As in the past, the transition to Fedora 28 Atomic Host should be an easy process. If you have issues or want to be involved in the future direction of Atomic Host please join us in IRC (#atomic on freenode) or on the atomic-devel mailing list.